Tópicos Especiales

Biología de las Invasiones

Programa Sinóptico

 

Dedicación: Tres horas semanales (3 créditos)

Requisitos: Ecología II y Evolución

Objetivos:

 

 

 

Contenido:

Unidad I.- Protagonistas, Proceso y Control de las Invasiónes.

 

Unidad II.- Consecuencias de las invasiones. Rol del cambio global.

 

- Cambio global e invasiones biológicas: Uso de la tierra, clima, CO2 atmosférico, perturbaciones, contaminación y globalización

 

 

Evaluación:

Dos examenes parciales. Valor: 35% c/u

Presentaciones de casos específicos de invasiones. Valor: 30% de la calificacion final.

 

 

Referencias Basicas

 

Barker,H.G., 1974. The evolution of weeds. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 5: 1-24

Baruch, Z. (1996) Ecophysiological aspects of the invasion by African grasses and their impact on biodiversity and function of Neotropical savannas. Biodiversity and savanna ecosystem processes: A global perspective. (ed by O. T. Solbrig, E. Medina and J. Silva), pp.79 - 93. Ecological Studies Vol. 121. Springer - Verlag, Berlín.

Baruch,Z. and Goldstein,G., 1999. Leaf construction cost, nutrient concentration, and net CO2 assimilation of native and invasive species in Hawaii. Oecologia, 121: 183-192

Bazzaz,F.A., 1986. Life history of colonizing plants: some demographic, genetic and physiological features. In: H.A.Mooney (Editor), Ecology of Biological invasions of North America and Hawaii. Springer, NY, pp. 96-110.

Cronk,Q.C.B. and Fuller,J.L., 1995. Plant Invaders. London, UK.

D'Antonio,C.M. and Vitousek,P.M., 1992. Biological invasions by exotic grasses, the grass/fire cycle and global change. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 23: 63-87

Daehler,C.C., 1998. The taxonomic distribution of invasive angiosperm plants: Ecological insights and comparison to agricultural weeds. Biological Conservation, 84: 167-180

Drake, J. A., Mooney, H. A., di Castri, F., Groves, R. H., Kruger, F. J., Rejmanek, M. And Williamson, M. 1989. Biological Invasions, A Global Perspective. SCOPE 37. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester.

Dukes,J.S. and Mooney,H.A., 1999. Does global change increase the success of biological invaders. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14: 135-139

Elton, C. S. 1958. The ecology of invasions by animals and plants. Con Introducción de D. Simberloff. 2000 The University of Chicago Press.

Levine,J.M. and Dantonio,C.M., 1999. Elton revisited: a review of evidence linking diversity and invasibility. Oikos, 87: 15-26

Luken,J.O. and Thieret,J.W., 1997. Assesment and management of plant invasions. Springer, New York.

Mack, R. N., Simberloff, D., Lonsdale, W. M., Evans, H., Clout, M., and Bazzaz, F. A. 2000. Biotic invasions: Causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecol.Appl. 10: 689-710.

Mooney,H.A. and Drake,J.A., 1986. Ecology of biological invasions of North America and Hawaii. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Mooney, H. A. and Hobbs R. J. 2002. Invasive species in a changing world. Island Press, Washington, D.C..

Pysek, P., Prach, K., Rejmanek, M., and Wade, M. 1995. Plant invasions. General aspects and special problems. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam.

Rodriguez, J. P. 2001. Exotic species introductions into South America: an underestimated threat? Biodivers.Conserv. 10: 1983-1996

Vitousek,P.M., D'Antonio,C.M., Loope,L.L., and Westbrooks,R., 1996. Biological invasions as global environmental change. American Scientist, 84: 468-478

Williams, D. G. and Baruch, Z. 2000. African grass invasion in the Americas: ecosystem consequences and the role of ecophysiology. Biological Invasions 2: 123-140

Williamson, M. 1996. Biological Invasions. Chapman & Hall. London, UK.

Zavaleta, E. S., Hobbs, R. J., and Mooney, H. A. 2001. Viewing invasive species removal in a whole-ecosystem context. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16: 454-459